Health risks from Base Station radiation
Physicians and Scientists for Responsible Application of Science and Technology (PSRAST)
A German study found a threefold higher frequency of cancer among people living in the vicinity (400 m) of a GSM base station compared to people living further away from the antenna. The risk for mammary cancer was 3,4 times greater and the average age of contracting this disease was considerably lower, 50,8 years than in the control group (69,9 years). The frequency increased also the longer people had been exposed to the radiation. The study covered a ten year long period (1994-2004), starting the year after the installation of the base station. Before the installation of the base station, there was no difference in cancer incidence between people living in the vicinity of the (future) base station and the control area.
“The result is a quite concrete epidemiological proof of a connexion between exposition to radiation from GSM Base stations and Cancer. This result is, considering the available documentation about the effect of highfrequency electromagnetic radiation not only plausible but probable.”
Source (in German): Horst Eger, Klaus Uwe Hagen, Birgitt Lucas, Peter Vogel, Helmut Voit, Einfluss der räumlichen Nähe von Mobilfunksendeanlagen auf die Krebsinzidenz. Umwelt·Medizin·Gesellschaft | 17 | 4/2004
Comment by PSRAST
There exsists ample and uneqiuvocal evidence today that microwave radiation damages DNA. It has also been established beyond doubt in experimental studies that DNA damage increases cancer risk. This study adds to several others indicating that the DNA damage from microwaves brings about a considerable increase of cancer risk among people exposed to the radiation.
This study is just one of several indicating various health disturbances in people living or working close to base stations (see below).
New Austrian research confirms health effects of base station radiation.
Despite exposure to raditation far below recommended levels (max. 4.1 mW/m2), effects on wellbeing and performance on cognitive tests was observed in a study of 365 subjects living within 20-600 metres from Mobile Phone Base stations.
Source: Hutter HP, Moshammer H, Wallner P, Kundi M. Subjective symptoms, sleeping problems, and cognitive performance in subjects living near mobile phone base stations. Occup Environ Med. 2006 May;63(5):307-13.
Comment by PSRAST
This finding adds to the concerns raised by the report of a remarkable increase of brain tumor rates in the top floors of an office building, see “Mobile Phone Tower causing brain tumors?”.
These observations are actually not surprising, as it is a well established scientific fact that mobile phone radiation has biological effects far below the present recommended levels.
These experiences support the theory of the physicist, Dr Hyland, see below, that predicted that base station radiaton can affect humans even at very low intensities.
Base stations affected health negatively
Among people living closer than 300 m away from the base station, a French study found an increased incidence for tiredness (within 300m), for headache, sleep disturbance, discomfort, etc (200 m). For irritability, depression, loss of memory, dizziness, libido decrease, etc (100 m). Women significantly more often than men complained of headache, nausea, loss of appetite, sleep disturbance, depression, discomfort and visual perturbations.
This first study on symptoms experienced by people living in vicinity of base stations shows that, in view of radioprotection, minimal distance of people from cellular phone base stations should not be < 300 m.
Source: Santini R, et al, Pathol Biol (Paris). 2002 Jul;50(6):369-73. Abstract
Neurobehavioral effects among inhabitants around mobile phone base stations
"Inhabitants living nearby mobile phone base stations are at risk for developing neuropsychiatric problems and some changes in the performance of neurobehavioral functions"
Source: Abdel-Rassoul G, et al, Neurotoxicology. 2006 Aug 1. Abstract
An explanation how GSM base station can have harmful effects
This is a theoretical explanation based on known biological facts. It makes it evident why even weak microwave radiation can damage DNA.
21:08 06.08.2006 "microwave radiation can…functionally interfere with the natural processes involved in DNA replication and repair, by subtly altering molecular conformation (architecture), for example; this could well account, respectively, for the reports of chromosome aberrations / micronuclei formation and for the increased amount of DNA fragmentation observed under irradiation."
Source: How Exposure to GSM & TETRA Base-station Radiation can Adversely Affect Humans. By Dr Gerard Hyland.
Comment by PSRAST
Hylands predictions comply with the finding of professor Lai that mobile phone radiation damages DNA, see Biological effects of radiofrequency radiation.
In most countries the mobile radiation safety standards are based on the assumption that the only biological effect of microwave (mobile phone) radiation is heating (the so called "thermal effect"). However ample evidence demonstrate that non-thermal effects do exist and may occur at a significantly lower radiation level than what causes heating. This means that p
Cellular changes demonstated at non-thermal levels. A finnish team has found that certain proteins in human cells change due to the radiation at non-thermal intensity levels. This confirms earlier findings of cellular changes in animals.
Serious health concerns regarding cell phones – The Bioinitiative Report. (August 31, 2007) A group of independent scientists have made a thorough and very careful survey of the literature and they conclude that the existing standards for public safety are inadequate to protect public health.
Biologically-based public and occupational exposure standards for extra-low frequency and radiofrequency radiation are recommended to address bioeffects and potential adverse health effects of chronic exposure to ELF and RF. These effects are now widely reported to occur at exposure levels significantly below most current national and international limits.
Evidence of Biological Effects Below Safety Thresholds. Two papers by Professor Henry C Lai, PhD, at the University of Washington&;s Bioelectromagnetics Laboratory.
* A list of scientific research which demonstrate biological effects below the exposure safety thresholds set for various frequencies, commonly used for wireless communications.
* Paper on Non-Thermal Effects for Scientific Workshop.
Quote: There is also some evidence that effects of RFR accumulate over time. Here are some examples: Phillips et al. (1998) reported DNA damage in cells after 24 hours of exposure to low intensity RFR. DNA damage can lead to gene mutation, which accumulates over time. Magras and Xenos (1999) reported that mice exposed to low-intensity RFR became less reproductive. After five generations of exposure, the mice were not able to produce offspring. This shows that the effect of RFR can pass from one generation to another.
Non-Thermal effects of electromagnetic fields by Dr Mae-Wan Ho, former professor of biology at Open University i England. Dr Ho has done research on the biological effects of weak magnetic fields. Among others she has found that very weak fields can affect the development of larvae.
Cell and molecular biology associated with radiation fields of mobile telephones. Ross Adey, professor of physiology, Loma Linda School of Medicine in California. Internationally renowned brain scientist. Ample evidence of non-thermal effects are presented. One such effect is that microwaves may cause disordered free radical regulation which is associated with serious diseases including cancer.
Free radicals are involved in normal regulatory mechanisms in many tissues, including the brain and vascular systems, and in the regulation of normal programmed-cell-death (apoptosis). Disordered free radical regulation is associated with oxidative stress diseases, including Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases, coronary heart disease, aging and cancer.
Acute and chronic microwave exposure produces single strand breaks in DNA of brain and testis cell nuclei at athermal field levels [italics by PSRAST]. Failure of apoptosis has been cited as a factor in tumorigenesis through failure to eliminate aberrant cell clones which then undergo further progressive mutation leading to tumor formation.
In initiated cells with mutated DNA but not tumor forming, overexpression of the enzyme ornithine decarboxylase, demonstrated to be sensitive to microwave fields, allows it to act as a tumor promoter, leading to tumor formation in the absence of other promoters."
The scientist who declares that there exists no evidence of non-thermal effects of microwave radiation at intensities below present safety norms is either consciously lying or unaware of important research in the field, which means he is incompetent (because a competent scientist has to be aware of all important research in his field).
Unfortunately such scientists exist who serve money rather than the scientific ideal of impartiality.